No Child Left Behind Act of 2001
What is the purpose of No Child Left Behind Act of 2001 (NCLB)?
“The purpose of this title is to ensure that all children have a fair, equal, and significant opportunity to obtain a high-quality education and reach at a minimum, proficiency on challenging State academic achievement standards and stat academic assessments (20 U.S.C. 6301)”.
How does NCLB affect my child?
The point of this law is to ensure that all children, including those who are English learners and those with disabilities must show a level of proficiency on State academic achievement tests. Historically, children with disabilities score significantly lower on achievement test scores. Thus, NLCB looks to close this gap by holding the State and School District accountable. The measurement of how well a State or School District does is determined through scores on the State academic achievement test for all children from the third grade to the eighth grade. The test scores can measure how well a school is doing as a whole as well as help teachers prepare lessons plans for individual children based on their strengths and deficiencies. NCLB also requires only highly qualified teachers in the classroom, public school choice for children attending failing schools and mandates that all children must be able to read at grade level by the end of the third grade.
What is a failing School?
A failing school is defined as a school that fails to meet its Adequate Yearly Progress goal for two consecutive years.
Schools need to:
a) Achieve a 95% participation rate on state assessments.
b) Reach targets for proficiency or reduce non-proficiency.
c) Reach targets for attendance and graduation rate for high schools.
How does my child benefit from NCLB?
Children who have an IEP, under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act are covered under NCLB. In other words, a child with a disability needs to have individual appropriate accommodations written in their IEP to help them become proficient on State tests and assist them with their reading skills to achieve grade level ability by the end of third grade.